Appalachians show evidence of earth's Age

Copyright 2003 G.R. Morton  This can be freely distributed so long as no changes are made and no charges are made.

On the AIG web site we find silly statements like that made by Michael Oard, "Observing the rocks in my part of the world, I find examples
that would line up with part or even most of the geological column, but other examples that are out of order. These out-of-order areas are
usually attributed to overthrusting, of which there is rarely evidence for much movement while abundant evidence for rock shearing is seen
on other types of faults. "

Such statements display a huge lack of knowledge of the geologic record. Overthrusts are common, always have evidence and are never like
what the YECs portray them to be. Below is a seismic line which shows a major overthrust, a major erosional event and then more
deposition followed by tilting of the entire subregional part of the continent.

The line was one shot by Texaco along the Alabama/Mississippi border just NE of Meridian, Mississippi. The reference is A. W. Bally,
_Seismic Expression of Structural Styles, Vol. 3, AAPG Studies in Geology Series, #15,, p. 3.4.1-82. It shows a wonderful example of
why slow sedimentation must be the rule and presents a big problem for the global flood. A word about seismic. The black peaks and grey
troughs are the reflections of sound off of various rock layers which are in the earth. By reflecting the sound, we can produce a picture, like
this, of what the earth looks like under one's feet. The picture is about 20 km of seismic data. It can be seen that the valley in the
unconformity is about 3 km wide. The thrust block is about 16 km or 9 miles long. Such pictures are no different than what a doctor
produces when they do a sonogram.
At the top of the section are the sediments of the Atlantic coastal plains. They are flatish-lying dipping slightly to the SE. They are about
3500 feet thick and consist mostly of sands and shales. They lie on top of a major unconformity which separates the Paleozoic Appalachian
sediments from the Atlantic Coastal plain sediments. Below the unconformity is the Paleozoic sediments which consist not only of sands and
shales but also very thick piles of carbonate and dolomite. dolomite. They are around 18,500 feet thick. This is determined by the velocity
of sound in those sediments. Rocks in the Paleozoic are almost always faster than rocks in the younger Mesozoic and Mesozoic rocks in
general are even faster than those from the Tertiary.
If you look below the unconformity you will find a thrust fault having thrusted the Paleozoic sediments over on top of themselves Bed a is
marked on both sides of the thrust fault and one can clearly see that it is overthrusted on top of itself. The friction of the thrust plane against
the upper part of the thrust caused the sediments to be folded. The fold was then eroded. Since bed A to the right is buried by 1.3 seconds
of Paleozoic sediment (approximately 10,000 feet), yet it intersects the unconformity where it is covered by NO Paleozoic sediment, this
means that 10,000 feet of sediment was eroded from the point marked 'hill'. If you look at the sediments just under the unconformity on the
right and move to the left you will see layer after layer erosionally truncated by the unconformity until you get to hill where bed A is at the
surface of the unconformity.
Where I marked a hill, If you look at the unconformity, you will see that it drops down at that point. the flat reflectors above are clearly
onlapping the unconformable surface against the hill. The valley was eroded into the underlying Paleozoic sediments PRIOR to the
deposition of the Mesozoic sediment. If you look just to the right of the hill, under the word valley, above the unconformity you will see a
black reflector which runs into the hill to the left and then into the unconformity on the right. The relationship between this reflector and the
unconformity shows that the valley to the right of the hill was infilled in a rather gentle way otherwise the sediments would be chaotic. This
valley was probably an arm of the ocean at one point because the sediments that fill it are marine as are all the Atlantic Coastal Plain
After the Mesozoic sediments were deposited, the entire area was slightly tilted to the SE.
The sequence of events cause great problems for the concept of a global flood. Global flood advocates always say that fossilization can only
occur during catastrophic events such as the flood. Well there are fossiliferous Paleozoic sediments below the unconformity as well as
above. Thus the flood advocate must hold that all the sediment in this picture is from the flood. This means that during the flood 18,500 feet
of Paleozoic sediment must have been deposited. It must then have hardened. Why? Because of the way the thrusting deformed the rocks.
This is not a soft-sediment type of deformation. The upper thrust block moved as a solid block. If the sediments had been soft, this couldn't
have happened. Soft ooze and mush won't transmit forces for 9 miles. Assuming that the Paleozoic constituted half of the flood's time, then
in 6 months we must deposit 18,500 feet of sediment. This is a rate of 102 feet per day. There are slow-moving invertebrate fossils at the
bottom of the Appalachian Paleozoic as well as at the top. All sorts of stationary shell-fish are found throughout the Paleozoic strata. Why
everything wasn't at the bottom of the pile, after deposition of the first 102 feet on the first day, I can't comprehend. A further problem is
the burrows which are found throughout the entire 18,500 feet of sediment. One must have exceptionally rapid burrowers in order to
thoroughly burrow 102 feet of strata a day. That is enough sediment to cover a 10 story building each day. Next time you drive down the
road, look at a ten story building and imagine it covered in sediment in one day and thoroughly burrowed by thousands of animals.
Burrowed in such a fashion where the excavated sediments make a pile around the burrow which are then covered by the next layer which
is a different lithology.
After the deposition of 18,500 feet of strata, and it's hardening (it takes lots of time for shales to de-water, yet we see no mega water
escape structures in this sedimentary pile either), we must then have the time to thrust the paleozoic section creating huge mountains (the
Appalachians). After this, we must have time for the erosion of 10,000 feet of HARDENED sediment, which then becomes the
unconformity surface. Then we must cover, in a gentle way, the entire area with 3,500 feet of Mesozoic sediment. This is a rate of 19 feet a
day assuming that the Mesozoic here represented 180 days of flood deposition. One could hardly say that 19 feet a day of sedimentation is
'gentle'. 19 feet of sediment where I live would nearly cover my 2 story house.

I don't see how to explain this in a global flood/young-earth scenario. It is time for young-earthers like Socrates to come explain how this fits
into a global flood. The YEC silence is deafening on these posts. Can't y'all explain them?


  1. I am not even sure whether we see the diagram from bird's perspective or we see a slice of earth as if it were cut up.