Meteor Craters and the Flood Year

Copyright 2003 G.R. Morton  This can be freely distributed so long as no changes are made and no charges are made.

Meteor craters and the Flood year
I think that the young-earthers should consider what their theory means in relation to meteor impacts. Consider what one 300 m rock would mean:

"A huge meteor with the destructive power of 3,000 hydrogen bombs will skim past the Earth today in a cosmic encounter that has alarmed astronomers.
"Codenamed 1996 JA1, the 300 metre-wide chunk of rock was discovered only last Tuesday, suggesting that humanity may have just a few days' warning of disaster if a meteor turns out to be on a collision course."Robert Matthews, "Meteor pass will be a squeaker," Calgary Herald, Sunday, May 19, 1996, p. 1

Now, consider that we geoscientists have found lots of meteor craters in the fossil record. Many of them are much, much bigger than the crater which would be formed by that 300-m diameter chunk of rock mentioned above. Below is a list of the meteor craters we have found in the fossil record. They are not all the same geologic age and this means that they would have come in at slightly different periods during the flood. But the amazing thing is that most YECs who believe in a one-year global flood don't know that their belief system requires accepting that the earth was literally bombarded with millions of megatons of meteoric impacts during the period of time that the geologic column was laid down.

The old earther doesn't have a problem with this because he believes that the craters were deposited over 545 million years. But the YEC believes that all these craters were the remnants of impacts which occurred in only 1 year. Think what the ride Noah and company had with such large meteors raining down on their head!!!

Here is the list of meteor craters found in the geologic column. this is only a partial list--more comments below:

Terrestrial Impact Crater List

Acraman, Australia
Location: 32�1'S, 135�27'E
Diameter: 160.000 km
Age: 570.00 million years

Location: 36�15'N, 98�10'W
Diameter: 16.000 km
Age: 470.00 +- 30.00 million years

Location: 26�5'N, 4�23'E
Diameter: 0.450 km
Age: 100,000 years

Aouelloul, Mauritania
Location: 20�15'N, 12�41'W
Diameter: 0.390 km
Age: 3.10 +- 0.30 million years

Araguainha Dome
Location: 16�46'S, 52�59'W
Diameter: 40.000 km
Age: 249.00 +- 19.00 million years

Location: 71�15'N, 156�38'W
Diameter: 12.000 km
Age: 100.00 +- 5.00 million years

Azuara, Spain
Location: 41�10'N, 0�55'W
Diameter: 30.000 km
Age: 130.00 million years

B.P. Structure
Location: 25�19'N, 24�20'E
Diameter: 2.800 km
Age: 120.00 million years

Barringer, Arizona
Location: 35�2'N, 111�1'W
Diameter: 1.186 km
Age: 49,000 years

Location: 44�36'N, 113�0'W
Diameter: 60.000 km
Age: 600.00 million years

Bee Bluff
Location: 29�2'N, 99�51'W
Diameter: 2.400 km
Age: 40.00 million years

Location: 71�50'N, 123�30'E
Diameter: 8.000 km
Age: 65.00 million years

Location: 48�30'N, 82�0'E
Diameter: 7.000 km
Age: 6.00 +- 3.00 million years

Boltysh, Ukraine
Location: 48�45'N, 32�10'E
Diameter: 25.000 km
Age: 88.00 +- 3.00 million years

Bosumtwi, Ghana
Location: 6�32'N, 1�25'W
Diameter: 10.500 km
Age: 1.30 +- 0.2 million years

Boxhole, North Territory, Australia
Location: 22�37'S, 135�12'E
Diameter: 0.170 km
Age: 30,000 years

Brent, Ontario, Canada
Location: 46�5'N, 78�29'W
Diameter: 3.800 km
Age: 450.00 +- 30.00 million years

Campo Del Cielo, Argentina
Location: 27�38'S, 61�42'W
Diameter: 0.050 km
Age: 0 years

Carswell, Saskatchewan, Canada
Location: 58�27'N, 109�30'W
Diameter: 39.000 km
Age: 115.00 +- 10.00 million years

Charlevoix, Canada
Location: 47�32'N, 70�18'W
Diameter: 54.000 km
Age: 357.00 +- 15.00 million years

Chicxulub, Mexico
Location: 21�20'N, 89�30'W
Diameter: 300.000 km
Age: 64.98 +- 0.05 million years

Location: 49�10'N, 57�51'E
Diameter: 5.500 km
Age: 46.00 +- 7.00 million years

Clearwater Lake East, Quebec, Canada
Location: 56�5'N, 74�7'W
Diameter: 22.000 km
Age: 290.00 +- 20.00 million years

Clearwater Lake West, Quebec, Canada
Location: 56�13'N, 74�30'W
Diameter: 32.000 km
Age: 290.00 +- 20.00 million years

Connolly Basin, Australia
Location: 23�32'S, 124�45'E
Diameter: 9.000 km
Age: 60.00 million years

Crooked Creek, Missouri
Location: 37�50'N, 91�23'W
Diameter: 7.000 km
Age: 320.00 +- 80.00 million years

Dalgaranga, West Australia
Location: 27�45'S, 117�5'E
Diameter: 0.021 km
Age: 30,000 years

Decaturville, Missouri
Location: 37�54'N, 92�43'W
Diameter: 6.000 km
Age: 300.00 million years

Deep Bay, Saskatchewan, Canada
Location: 56�24'N, 102�59'W
Diameter: 13.000 km
Age: 100.00 +- 50.00 million years

Dellen, Sweden
Location: 61�55'N, 16�39'E
Diameter: 15.000 km
Age: 110.00 +- 2.70 million years

Des Plaines, Illinois
Location: 42�3'N, 87�52'W
Diameter: 8.000 km
Age: 280.00 million years

Location: 56�35'N, 23�15'E
Diameter: 4.500 km
Age: 300.00 +- 35.00 million years

Eagle Butte
Location: 49�42'N, 110�35'W
Diameter: 19.000 km
Age: 65.00 million years

El'Gygytgyn, Russia
Location: 67�30'N, 172�5'E
Diameter: 18.000 km
Age: 3.50 +- 0.50 million years

Flynn Creek, Tennessee
Location: 36�17'N, 85�40'W
Diameter: 3.550 km
Age: 360.00 +- 20.00 million years

Location: 60�39'N, 9�0'E
Diameter: 5.000 km
Age: 500.00 +- 10.00 million years

Glasford, Illinois
Location: 40�36'N, 89�47'W
Diameter: 4.000 km
Age: 430.00 million years

Glover Bluff
Location: 43�58'N, 89�32'W
Diameter: 3.000 km
Age: 500.00 million years

Goat Paddock
Location: 18�20'S, 126�40'E
Diameter: 5.100 km
Age: 50.00 million years

Gosses Bluff, North Territory, Australia
Location: 23�50'S, 132�19'E
Diameter: 22.000 km
Age: 142.50 +- 0.50 million years

Gow Lake, Canada
Location: 56�27'N, 104�29'W
Diameter: 4.000 km
Age: 250.00 million years

Location: 48�21'N, 40�14'E
Diameter: 3.500 km
Age: 65.00 million years

Haughton, Canada
Location: 75�22'N, 89�41'W
Diameter: 20.5 km
Age: 21.5 +- 1.00 million years

Location: 37�35'N, 99�10'W
Diameter: 0.015 km
Age: 0 years

Henbury, North Territory, Australia
Location: 24�35'S, 133�9'E
Diameter: 0.157 km
Age: 10,000 years

Holleford, Ontario, Canada
Location: 44�28'N, 76�38'W
Diameter: 2.350 km
Age: 550.00 +- 100.00 million years

Ile Rouleau
Location: 50�41'N, 73�53'W
Diameter: 4.000 km
Age: 300.00 million years
Location: 57�58'N, 25�25'E
Diameter: 0.080 km
Age: 0 years

Location: 49�6'N, 29�12'E
Diameter: 4.500 km
Age: 395.00 +- 5.00 million years

Janisjarvi, Russia
Location: 61�58'N, 30�55'E
Diameter: 14.000 km
Age: 698.00 +- 22.00 million years

Location: 58�24'N, 22�40'E
Diameter: 0.110 km
Age: 0 +- 0 years

Kaluga, Russia
Location: 54�30'N, 36�15'E
Diameter: 15.000 km
Age: 380.00 +- 10.00 million years

Location: 48�20'N, 40�15'E
Diameter: 25.000 km
Age: 65.00 +- 2.00 million years

Kara, Russia
Location: 69�5'N, 64�18'E
Diameter: 65.000 km
Age: 73.00 +- 3.00 million years

Kara-Kul, USSR
Location: 39�1'N, 73�27'E
Diameter: 52.000 km
Age: 25.00 million years

Location: 58�59'N, 22�40'E
Diameter: 4.000 km
Age: 455.00 million years

Location: 54�54'N, 48�0'E
Diameter: 12.000 km
Age: 10.00 million years

Kelly West
Location: 19�56'S, 133�57'E
Diameter: 10.000 km
Age: 550.00 million years

Kentland, Indiana
Location: 40�45'N, 87�24'W
Diameter: 13.000 km
Age: 300.00 million years

Location: 51�40'N, 36�0'E
Diameter: 5.500 km
Age: 250.00 +- 80.00 million years

Lac Couture, Quebec, Canada
Location: 60�8'N, 75�20'W
Diameter: 8.000 km
Age: 430.00 +- 25.00 million years

Lac La Moinerie, Canada
Location: 57�26'N, 66�37'W
Diameter: 8.000 km
Age: 400.00 +- 50.00 million years

Lappajarvi, Finland
Location: 63�9'N, 23�42'E
Diameter: 17.000 km
Age: 77.30 +- 0.40 million years

Lawn Hill
Location: 18�40'S, 138�39'E
Diameter: 18.000 km
Age: 515.00 million years

Location: 12�24'S, 134�3'E
Diameter: 1.600 km
Age: 150.00 +- 70.00 million years

Location: 63�0'N, 14�48'E
Diameter: 7.000 km
Age: 540.00 +- 10.00 million years

Logancha, Russia
Location: 65�30'N, 95�48'E
Diameter: 20.000 km
Age: 25.00 +- 20.00 million years

Location: 54�12'N, 27�48'E
Diameter: 17.000 km
Age: 40.00 +- 5.00 million years

Lonar, India
Location: 19�59'N, 76�31'E
Diameter: 1.830 km
Age: 52,000 +- 10,000 years

Location: 59�59'N, 118�0'E
Diameter: 0.300 km
Age: 10,000 years

Manicouagan, Quebec, Canada
Location: 51�23'N, 68�42'W
Diameter: 100.000 km
Age: 212.00 +- 1.00 million years

Manson, Iowa
Location: 42�35'N, 94�31'W
Diameter: 35.000 km
Age: 65.70 +- 1.00 million years

Location: 31�17'N, 96�18'W
Diameter: 22.000 km
Age: 58.00 +- 2.00 million years

Middlesboro, Kentucky
Location: 36�37'N, 83�44'W
Diameter: 6.000 km
Age: 300.00 million years

Mien, Sweden
Location: 56�25'N, 14�52'E
Diameter: 9.000 km
Age: 121.00 +- 2.30 million years

Location: 54�0'N, 23�54'E
Diameter: 5.000 km
Age: 395.00 +- 145.00 million years

Mishina Gora
Location: 58�40'N, 28�0'E
Diameter: 4.000 km
Age: 360.00 million years

Mistastin, Labrador, Canada
Location: 55�53'N, 63�18'W
Diameter: 28.000 km
Age: 38.00 +- 4.00 million years

Location: 42�53'N, 64�13'W
Diameter: 45.000 km
Age: 50.50 +- 0.76 million years

Monturaqui, Chile
Location: 23�56'S, 68�17'W
Diameter: 0.460 km
Age: 1.00 million years

Location: 52�29'N, 16�54'E
Diameter: 0.100 km
Age: 10,000 years
New Quebec, Quebec, Canada
Location: 61�17'N, 73�40'W
Diameter: 3.440 km
Age: 1.40 +- 0.10 million years
Nicholson Lake, Canada
Location: 62�40'N, 102�41'W
Diameter: 12.500 km
Age: 400.00 million years

Location: 24�35'N, 24�24'E
Diameter: 11.500 km
Age: 120.00 million years

Location: 49�30'N, 32�55'E
Diameter: 15.000 km
Age: 215.00 +- 25.00 million years

Odessa, Texas
Location: 31�45'N, 102�29'W
Diameter: 0.168 km
Age: 50,000 years

Ouarkziz, Algeria
Location: 29�0'N, 7�33'W
Diameter: 3.500 km
Age: 70.00 million years

Location: 17�32'S, 128�25'E
Diameter: 7.000 km
Age: 360.00 million years

Pilot Lake, Canada
Location: 60�17'N, 111�1'W
Diameter: 5.80 km
Age: 445.00 +- 2.00 million years

Location: 71�30'N, 111�0'E
Diameter: 100.000 km
Age: 35.00 +- 5.00 million years

Location: 49�43'N, 78�48'W
Diameter: 12.000 km
Age: 500.00 million years

Pretoria Salt Pan, South Africa
Location: 25�24'S, 28�5'E
Diameter: 1.130 km
Age: 200,000 years

Location: 57�6'N, 43�35'E
Diameter: 80.000 km
Age: 220.00 +- 10.00 million years

Ragozinka, Russia
Location: 58�18'N, 62�0'E
Diameter: 9.000 km
Age: 55.00 +- 5.00 million years

Red Wing
Location: 47�36'N, 103�33'W
Diameter: 9.000 km
Age: 200.00 +- 25.00 million years

Riachao Ring
Location: 7�43'S, 46�39'W
Diameter: 4.500 km
Age: 200.00 million years

Ries, Germany
Location: 48�53'N, 10�37'E
Diameter: 24.000 km
Age: 14.8 +- 1.00 million years

Rio Cuarto
Location: 30�52'S, 64�14'W
Diameter: 4.500 km
Age: 100,000 years

Rochechouart, France
Location: 45�50'N, 0�56'E
Diameter: 23.000 km
Age: 186.00 +- 8.00 million years

Roter Kamm, Namibia
Location: 27�46'S, 16�18'E
Diameter: 2.500 km
Age: 5.0 +- 0.30 million years

Location: 49�0'N, 32�0'E
Diameter: 2.700 km
Age: 140.00 +- 20.00 million years

Saaksjarvi, Finland
Location: 61�24'N, 22�24'E
Diameter: 5.000 km
Age: 514.00 +- 12.00 million years

Saint Martin, Canada
Location: 51�47'N, 98�32'W
Diameter: 40.000 km
Age: 220.0 +- 32.00 million years

Serpent Mound, Ohio
Location: 39�2'N, 83�24'W
Diameter: 6.40 km
Age: 320.00 million years

Serra Da Cangalha
Location: 8�5'S, 46�52'W
Diameter: 12.000 km
Age: 300.00 million years

Shunak, Kazakhstan
Location: 47�12'N, 72�42'E
Diameter: 3.100 km
Age: 12.00 +- 5.00 million years

Sierra Madera, Texas
Location: 30�36'N, 102�55'W
Diameter: 13.000 km
Age: 100.00 million years

Sikhote Alin, USSR
Location: 46�7'N, 134�40'E
Diameter: 0.027 km
Age: 0 years

Siljan, Sweden
Location: 61�2'N, 14�52'E
Diameter: 55.000 km
Age: 368.00 +- 1.10 million years

Slate Islands
Location: 48�40'N, 87�0'W
Diameter: 30.000 km
Age: 350.00 million years

Location: 46�18'N, 138�52'E
Diameter: 0.053 km
Age: 0 years

Soderfjarden, Finland
Location: 63�0'N, 21�35'E
Diameter: 6.000 km
Age: 550.00 million years

Spider, Australia
Location: 16�44'S, 126�5'E
Diameter: 13.000 km
Age: 570.00 million years

Steen River, Canada
Location: 59�31'N, 117�37'W
Diameter: 25.000 km
Age: 95.00 +- 7.00 million years

Steinheim, Germany
Location: 48�40'N, 10�4'E
Diameter: 3.800 km
Age: 14.80 +- 0.70 million years

Location: 15�12'S, 133�35'E
Diameter: 25.000 km
Age: 470.00 million years

Sudbury, Ontario, Canada
Location: 46�36'N, 81�11'W
Diameter: 200.000 km
Age: 1850.00 +- 3.00 million years

Location: 44�6'N, 109�36'E
Diameter: 1.300 km
Age: 3.00 million years

Talemzane, Algeria
Location: 33�19'N, 4�2'E
Diameter: 1.750 km
Age: 3.00 million years

Teague, Australia
Location: 25�52'S, 120�53'E
Diameter: 30.000 km
Age: 1685.00 +- 5.00 million years

Tenoumer, Mauritania
Location: 22�55'N, 10�24'W
Diameter: 1.900 km
Age: 2.50 +- 0.50 million years

Location: 48�1'N, 33�5'E
Diameter: 12.000 km
Age: 280.00 +- 10.00 million years

Tin Bider
Location: 27�36'N, 5�7'E
Diameter: 6.000 km
Age: 70.00 million years

Location: 27�0'S, 143�0'E
Diameter: 55.000 km
Age: 128.00 +- 5.00 million years

Location: 58�46'N, 17�25'E
Diameter: 2.000 km
Age: 0 years

Upheaval Dome, Utah
Location: 38�26'N, 109�54'W
Diameter: 5.000 km
Age: 65.00 million years

Location: 69�18'N, 65�18'E
Diameter: 25.000 km
Age: 73.00 +- 3.00 million years

Vargeao Dome
Location: 26�50'S, 52�7'W
Diameter: 12.000 km
Age: 70.00 million years

Location: 22�58'S, 125�22'E
Diameter: 0.080 km
Age: 1.00 million years

Location: 55�6'N, 24�36'E
Diameter: 8.000 km
Age: 160.00 +- 30.00 million years

Vredefort, South Africa
Location: 27�0'S, 27�30'E
Diameter: 140.000 km see below
Age: 1970.00 +- 100.00 million years

Wabar, Arabia
Location: 21�30'N, 50�28'E
Diameter: 0.097 km
Age: 10,000 +- 0 years

Wanapitei Lake, Canada
Location: 46�45'N, 80�45'W
Diameter: 7.500 km
Age: 37.00 +- 2.00 million years

Wells Creek, Tennessee
Location: 36�23'N, 87�40'W
Diameter: 14.000 km
Age: 200.00 +- 100.00 million years

West Hawk Lake, Canada
Location: 49�46'N, 95�11'W
Diameter: 3.150 km
Age: 100.00 +- 50.00 million years

Wolfe Creek, West Australia
Location: 19�18'S, 127�46'E
Diameter: 0.875 km
Age: 300,000 years

Location: 49�44'N, 29�0'E
Diameter: 4.000 km
Age: 115.00 +- 10.00 million years

Zeleny Gai
Location: 48�42'N, 32�54'E
Diameter: 2.500 km
Age: 120.00 +- 20.00 million years

Zhamanshin, Kazakhstan
Location: 48�24'N, 60�58'E
Diameter: 13.500 km
Age: 900,000 +- 100,000 years


Pilkington, M. and R. A. F. Grieve, "The Geophysical Signature of Terrestrial Impact Craters." Reviews of Geophysics, May 1992, vol. 30, pp. 161-181.

Chesapeake Bay
Location 37o 16.5�N 76o 7� W
Diameter 90 km (6400 km square crater area) 1.3 km deep
Age 35.3-35.5 myr
C. Wylie Poag, �The Chesapeake Bay Bolide Impact: A Convulsive Event in Atlantic Coastal Plain Evolution,� Sedimentary Geology 180(1997):45-90

�In so far as the age of the Woodleigh impact is constrained between the Early Permian and Early Jurassic, given the likely environmental consequences of an impact of this magnitude, it is possible that this event correlates with one of the two major extinctions during this time span, i.e., the end-Triassic (214 Ma) extinctions or the Permian-Triassic boundary (247 Ma) extinction.� Arthur J. Mory et al, �Woodleigh, Carnarvon Basin, Western Australia: a New 120 Km Diameter Impact Structure,� Earth and Planetary Science Letters 177(2000):119-128, p. 127

�A 2.020 +/- 0.003 GA meteorite impact pierced the ~10-km-thick sedimentary and volcanic rocks of the 3.07 to 2.5 Ga Witwatersrand Basin forming a 300-km diameter impact crater. Isostatic recovery in the center of the Vredefort impact structure overturned and exposed the lower basin strata and underlying crystalline basement, the latter to paleodepths of at least 20 km. Recent discovery of 3.5 to 3.3 Ga mantle rocks at the center of the basement uplift further supports the interpretation that the 37-km-thick crust has been turned on edge.� D. E. Moser, R. M. Flowers and R. J. Hart, �Birth of the Kaapvaal Tectosphere 3.08 Billion Years Ago,� Science 291(2001):465-468, p. 466

The Vredefort has shock metamorphism
�We determined the primary ages of shock-metamorphosed zircon grains from two sites using techniques described elsewhere.� D. E. Moser, R. M. Flowers and R. J. Hart, �Birth of the Kaapvaal Tectosphere 3.08 Billion Years Ago,� Science 291(2001):465-468, p. 466-467

Here is an explanation of the effects of large meteor impacts.

"Computer models of explosions with energies of 1,000 megatons--about 20 times the energy of the largest nuclear bombs but only 1/100,000 the energy of the KT impact--have shown that the fireball never reaches pressure equilibrium with the surrounding atmosphere. Instead, as the fireball expands to altitudes where the density of the atmosphere declines significantly, its rise accelerates and the gas leaves the atmosphere at velocities fast enough to escape the earth's gravitational field. The fireball from an even greater asteroid impact would simply burst out the top of the atmosphere, carrying any entrained ejecta with it, sending the material into orbits that could carry it anywhere on the earth."
"The impact of a comet-size body on the earth, creating a crater 150 kilometers in diameter, would clearly kill everything within sight of the fireball." Walter Alvarez and Frank Asaro, "An Extraterrestrial Impact," Scientific American, Oct. 1990, p. 80-82

[Note to the reader. The fellow named Socrates, remored to be a well known YEC leader was, at this time, denigrating the fact that I only have a bachelors of physics, claiming that only people like, him, who have Ph.D.s were capable of discussing such facts. Thus, I sarcastically added this  to my posting. For an exampls search on Socrates at
Of course, I apologize to everyone for only having a Bachelors in Physics. I am so ashamed of this, I can hardly speak. But please forgive my lack of having a Ph. D.

Thus, having apologized for my B. S. degree, respondents don't need to mention my qualifications when they present their coherent explanations of how Noah survived such a rain of fire from the sky.

Ok, it is the turn for the Young-earthers to explain the data. How did Noah survive megatons of impacts occurring in a one year period?????

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